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Efficiency Measures in the Agricultural Sector opens with detailed descriptions of An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) in Azores Dairy Farms.
Table of contents

Technical, quality and environmental efficiency of the olive oil industry. Food Policy 36 4 : Multi-output technical efficiency in the olive oil industry and its relation to the form of business organisation. Springer, Netherlands. The measurement of efficiency of production. A note on the Malmquist productivity index. Econ Lett A quasi-Malmquist productivity index.

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IoT Applications in Agriculture - 4 Best Benefits of IoT in Agriculture - DataFlair

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Using data envelopment analysis to rate bonds. Proceedings of the NortheastBusiness and Economics Association, — Mehrabi Boshrabadi, H. Estimation kinds of efficiency and return to scale of sunflower's agriculturists of Khoy Township. Agricultural Economics and Development , 23 2 , Mohammadi, A. Evaluating efficiency of pharmaceutical companies and their ranking via data envelopment window analysis. Quarterly Journal of Health Accounting, 2 3 , Mohammadpour, M.

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Rural Development Strategies, 2 4 , Pakravan, M. Determination of kind of efficiency for canola producers in Sari County. Journal of Agricultural Economics Research, 1 4 , Rajabi, A. The application of window analysis of data in the analysis of stability of efficiency of commercial banks in Iran.

Journal of Management Improvement, 3 17 , Ramazanian, M. A study on the variations of the performance of Pars Khazar distribution channels over time using window analysis. Industrial Management Perspective, 8, Rezaei, J. An assessment on the variations of total productivity of production factors in commercial banks of Iran using Malmquist index. Iranian Journal of Trade Studies, 48, Evaluation of total productivity variations of production factors in Tejarat Banks of Iran using Malmquist index.

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Efficiency Measures in the Agricultural Sector

Determining the efficiency rank of irrigated crops in Iranian agricultural sector. Shajari, S. The economic efficiency of agricultural production cooperatives and factors underpinning their economic efficiency in Fars province. Agricultural Economics, 2 4 , Shirinbakhsh, S.

Determining economic efficiency of agricultural production units The case of wheat. Economics Research, 3 11 , Siriopoulos, C. Sokhanvar, M. Improved investment incentives also require policies that improve access to markets, ensure dissemination of information, set standards and provide an adequate legal and regulatory framework.

2. What are the IoT Applications in Agriculture?

Strong complementarity between public and private investment is also necessary to sustain agricultural growth, with governments investing in sectors having an important public good element such as research, extension, and infrastructure - particularly roads, education, norms and standards. The least developed countries need to undertake policies and measures aimed at strengthening the ability of their institutions to operate efficiently.

Weaknesses in the structure and capacities of rural and related institutions are one reason why economic policy reforms have failed to achieve the desired increase in aggregate agricultural output in many African LDCs. Governments must diagnose these requirements and determine the respective roles of the public and private sector and how the two complement each other.

Political, legal and economic institutions play a major role in determining both macro-economic and sectoral policies. Improved formulation and implementation of these policies often requires wide-ranging institutional changes.


For the agricultural sector growth requires the development of appropriate institutional arrangements for overcoming market constraints for agricultural products for example, specific contractual arrangements between farmers and traders. In the context of declining real world prices for the main agricultural commodities exported by LDCs, improved mechanisms for the transmission of international prices to domestic producers is of key importance. The involvement of an increasingly competitive private sector in these various commodity markets has driven down margins and allowed greater returns to producers.

The experience of countries with a similar agroecological base to that of LDCs - maize in Zimbabwe, rice in Vietnam, horticulture in Kenya, cocoa in Cote d'Ivoire and cotton and rice in Mali- demonstrates that there is much potential for raising agricultural productivity in LDCs also. These limited but promising areas of success in other countries can serve as a model for LDCs. Research has shown that not only the domestic terms of trade for agriculture, but also the content of capital input are key determinants of agricultural productivity and competitiveness. Important in this respect are rural infrastructure development; strengthening research and extension services; enhancing human capital in rural areas through health, education, and access to productive resources; and preserving the capacity of the natural resource and environment to sustain productivity achievements.

About this book

While the main focus of the current reforms in LDCs has been on macroeconomic and price policies, it is the weaknesses in this area and require substantial increases in investment in agriculture, by both the public and the private sectors, if they are to be overcome. Sequential removal of constraints is critical.

Sustained growth is only possible if new constraints are alleviated by further reforms. There also needs to be a dynamic ability for technology, resource use, institutions, knowledge and markets to be adapted to deal with successive bottlenecks or constraints affecting particular commodity systems, to respond to problems of natural resource exhaustion or degradation, and to diversify to take advantage of new opportunities.

Policy makers need to give renewed emphasis to understanding and promoting processes supportive of agricultural growth and increased emphasis is needed on agricultural research to address the problems facing farmers in non-green revolution areas. There are strong arguments for seeking more nuanced role for the State in promoting efficient and effective institutional arrangements to support farmers' access to seasonal finance and to input and output markets.